The Qi Gong, chi gong or chi kung (Simplified Chinese: 气功 traditional Chinese: 氣功 pinyin: qìgōng; Wade: ch'i⁴gong¹) is a traditional Chinese gymnastics and a science of breathing that is based on knowledge and mastery Of the vital energy and which associates slow movements, breathing exercises and concentration. The term literally means "exercise (gong) relating to qi", or "control of vital energy".
In a broader perspective, "qi gong" means "method and efficiency of breath" and combines traditional techniques of gymnastics, breathing, meditation, visualization, trance, charismatic healing and combat that come from Taoist contexts, Buddhist, Neo-Confucian, scholarly or popular.
The alleged effects of regular qi gong practice include increasing the ability to prevent and cure illnesses and injuries, maintaining good health, increasing quality of life, longevity, Development of gifts of healing and self-healing, superhuman strength and supernatural powers.
Qi gong has several branches, which cover hundreds of different styles: qi gong for health and welfare (preventive), qi gong martial, qi gong medical (healing), qi gong sexual and Qi spiritual gong.
Origins Qigong remedy
"By making your body breath (or shen qi) and your primordial energy (or jing qi) embrace the Unity, can you become a child again? »Tao Tö King .
Towards the 5th century, Bodhidharma developed qi gong in the wu shu of the Shaolin school more commonly known today as Kung-fu Shaolin at the Shaolin Monastery in China, drawing inspiration from the Taoist gymnastics of longevity.
During the Cultural Revolution (twentieth century), qigong was repressed. Later, many schools emerge, sometimes mercantile, and one stands out by its notoriety, Falun Gong.
In 1981, the wu shu kung-fu Shaolin is reconstituted.
History of Qigong remedy in China
Genesis of Qigong
The roots of the Qigong are millennia old and inseparable from the Taoist tradition. Work on the breath and internal energy was already practiced by the sages of antiquity, so there are Taoist, Buddhist and Confucian schools in Qigong, which have greatly influenced the development of traditional Chinese medicine. Transmitted in a mostly private and secret way between masters and initiates, the practice of Qigong gained increasing popularity in the twentieth century, both within the Chinese population and outside China, Of Western societies that are increasingly interested in them since the 1960s.
The father of modern qigong is Liu Guizhen (1920-1983), a cadre of the Chinese Communist Party. After having been treated for an ulcer by a teacher who taught him a method of meditation and control of breathing while standing, he was instructed by his superiors to develop this technique of breath control but rid of his religious elements .
Adoption by the Communist Party
Adopted by the communist regime in 1949, qigong was introduced in the 1950s "as a therapy of popular and Chinese origin", in opposition to Western "bourgeois" medicine. In 1953, a specialized sanatorium was opened in Beidaihe, a seaside resort for communist cadres, where they were introduced to the methods of relaxation. Across the country, 70 qigong practice centers are open, including clinics and sanatoriums. Liu Guizhen is honored by Mao Zedong.
Prohibition under the Cultural Revolution
Then these practices are forbidden and repressed as feudal and superstitious practices during the Cultural Revolution. The qigong however continues to be transmitted clandestinely between masters and disciples.
Reappearance and promotion Qigong remedy
From the 1970s, qigong resurfaced and was practiced collectively in the parks of Beijing on the initiative of a certain Guo Lin who considered that he had cured his uterine cancer with qigong. In 1979, the latter was encouraged by several leaders who saw qigong as a no-cost means of improving the health status of the population.
In the late 1970s, the popularity of this new qigong of the charismatic masters received an important boost in China thanks to the "supposed" scientific discovery "of the material existence of qi. "In the late 1970s, renowned scientists, working in well-established universities and research institutes, actually carried out experiments claiming to prove that the qi emitted by a qigong master could be measured by Scientific instruments. "
In the early 1980s, in the spiritual vacuum of the post-Mao era, and in a context of economic depression, shortly after the first liberal reforms and the first appearance of unemployment, the country experienced a real "qigong fever" Millions of Chinese, mainly urban and elderly, became practitioners of one of the various varieties or schools of qigong, led by charismatic masters, many of whom became national celebrities. In stadiums, before thousands of enthusiasts, paid teachings are given by masters of qi and miraculous healings, like Master Yan Xin, who is supposed to emit an external qi that can change the molecular structure of a sample of d Water two thousand kilometers away. The Qigong Scientific Research Society of China (SRSQC), a national organization of qigong associations, was created by the State in 1985 to oversee the movement.
The authorities, who see qigong as a way to promote Chinese culture, participate in its promotion through its health fairs in Beijing in 1992 and 1993.
Qigong remedy Practice
There are different variants allowing a regular practice:
Wu shu Kung-fu Shaolin:
The 8 pieces of brocade (makes the body more resistant, and prolong life) / The 5 animals (health qi gong) / The 18 movements of health ...
The Qigong of the cane (stick) / The gi gong of the peasants / The 6 sounds ...
Yi jin jing (prepares the body for fast movements);
Siberian Qigong (a mixture of different practices encountered and transformed in Siberia).
Wei wu wei (Tao Tö King of Lao Zi).
All qigong exercises require patience and regular practice. Some practitioners of martial arts practice their arts without practicing Qi gong in China. However, his practice is necessary for a complete mastery of martial arts.
Qigong remedy Terminology
The term can be found in other transcriptions, chi kung (English school Wade), ki kong (French school EFFEO), kiko (phonetic adaptation of japanese), kygung (trademark used by ISMA), but qi Gong, pinyin transcription of the term, is the now official version in European languages.
Qigong is the Chinese and Romanized Mandarin term of two Chinese characters: Qì (氣) and Gōng (功). His writing (Simplified Chinese: 气功 Traditional Chinese: 氣功) associates two Chinese notions in the broad sense: qi (steam, breath, energy, spirit, air or gas) and gong, achievement or results: (attack, Exercise, discipline). The two words are combined to describe systems and methods of cultivating energy as well as manipulating the intrinsic energy of all living organisms. In the usual language, qigong is translated as energy work.
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Qigong image source:http://pic.people.com.cn/n/2014/0715/c1016-25283600-2.html